The Chief Justice
The Court has a Chief Justice, of special appointment rank, who is charged with the administrative affairs of the whole court and also acts concurrently as a justice.
Civil and Criminal Divisions
The Court consists of civil and criminal divisions. Each division has a Division Chief Justice and four Associate Justices, sitting in council to decide civil or criminal cases. At present, there are eight civil divisions and twelve criminal divisions.
Civil Divisions Conference, Criminal Divisions Conference, and Civil-Criminal Divisions Joint Conference
For the purpose of making uniform legal opinions among the various divisions or other important matters, the Chief Justice may convene the Civil Divisions Conference, the Criminal Divisions Conference, or the Civil-Criminal Divisions Joint Conference. The conferences are presided over by the Chief Justice. A resolution is adopted by a majority concurrence of the justices present at a conference with a quorum of two-thirds of the total number of justices present.
Civil Division Chief Justices Conference, Criminal Division Chief Justices Conference, and Civil-Criminal Division Chief Justices Joint Conference
In order to solve adjudicative problems or to make uniform legal opinions of laws or orders or other important matters, the Chief Justice may convene the Civil Division Chief Justices Conference or the Criminal Division Chief Justices Conference. Where a problem common to both civil and criminal matters is concerned, the Civil-Criminal Division Chief Justices Joint Conference is held, wherein all of the Division Chief Justices meet to solve the problem.
The Chief Clerk Office
The Chief Clerk Office is responsible for the Court’s administrative matters. It is supervised by a Chief Clerk who is subject to the direction of the Chief Justice of the Court.
The Chief Clerk Office consists of the following Sections. Each Section has a Section Chief clerk.
The Civil Clerical Section and Criminal Clerical Section
The Civil Clerical Section and Criminal Clerical Section handle the registration of civil and criminal cases; preparation and delivery of judgment exemplification; announcement of the main text; as well as acceptance and compilation of case documents.
The Civil Recording Section
The Civil Recording Section is in charge matters concerning the collection, coding, indexing and procedural initial review of documents pertaining to civil cases, safekeeping of documents and evidence before case allotment and the allotment of cases.
The Criminal Recording Section
The Criminal Recording Section is in charge of the collection, coding, indexing and procedural initial review of documents pertaining to criminal cases, safekeeping of documents and evidence before case allotment and the allotment of cases.
The Documentation Section
The Documentation Section is in charge of the safekeeping of official seals, the reception, distribution, printing, and the planning and writing of minutes of various meetings.
The Research and Evaluation Section
The Research and Evaluation Section is in charge of the drafting of the annual work schedule, research and development, inspection, evaluation, and document inspection.
The General Affairs Section
The General Affairs Section is in charge of the income and payment of expenses, organizing the income and outlay of monies, and also the purchase, safekeeping and maintenance of properties and construction projects.
The Data Section
The Data Section is in charge of the collection, analysis and safekeeping of judgment data, selection and publication of precedents, the editing of resolutions of the Civil and Criminal Divisions Conference, filing of correspondences and documents, and the management of the library.
The Court Police Office
The Court Police Office is in charge of the security of the courtrooms, and other affairs involving the court police.
The Personnel Office
The Personnel Office in charge of personnel employment, dismissals, transfers, rewards and punishments, regulations and evaluations.
The Accounting Office
The Accounting Office is in charge of the annual balance, financial accounting, the budget and preparing the balance.
The Statistics Office
The Statistics Office is in charge of the statistical analysis and study of civil and criminal cases.
The Civil Service Ethics Office
The Civil Service Ethics Office is in charge of promoting government ethics, preventing corruption, and encouraging an honest and capable rule of law, while maintaining the overall safety of the Court.
The Information Management Office
The Information Management Office is in charge of the overall planning, installment, promotion, management and maintenance of the various information systems of the Supreme Court.
The Judicial Yuan Re-Examination Committee on Compensation for Wrongful Detention and Execution
Article 5 of the Law of Compensation for Wrongful Detention and Execution authorizes the President of the Judicial Yuan to designate the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and several other justices to act concurrently as members of the Re-Examination Committee. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court serves as the committee chairperson. The Committee reviews appeals against the rulings of the relevant agencies or the “not guilty” judgments of the courts or wrongful detention compensation cases, as well as cases submitted for retrial by the Office of the Public Prosecutor General. At present, the Committee has nine members.
The Re-Examination Committee on Disciplinary Actions Against Lawyers
The Committee is convened under Article 43 of the Lawyers’ Law and Article 3 of the Rules for Disciplinary Actions Against Lawyers, for reviewing the case which is appealed from the decision made by the Committee on Disciplinary Actions Against Lawyers. It is comprised of four Supreme Court justices, two public prosecutors of the Office of the Public Prosecutor General, five lawyers, and two scholars. The members choose the committee chairperson from amongst themselves.
The Committee for Handling State Compensation Cases
In order to handle state compensation cases brought by individuals in accordance with the State Compensation Law, the Court has set up the Committee for Handling State Compensation Cases. The Chief Justice of the Court is vested with the authority to appoint a Civil Division Chief Justice to serve as director of the Committee. The Committee is composed of several justices and the Chief Clerk. This Committee is delegated to deal with the investigation, negotiation, litigation, and compensation relating to state compensation cases.
Notary Public Disciplinary Review Committee
Pursuant to Article 57, Paragraph 2 of the Notary Public Act, a committee composed of Supreme Court justices and notaries public is organized to review notary public disciplinary action cases. The committee members elect a committee chairperson to preside over the meetings and reviews.
The Committee for the Compilation of Precedents
The Committee for the Compilation of Precedents was established in accordance with Article 86, Paragraph 2 of the Department of Affairs and Regulations of this Court.
This Committee is composed of the Chief Justices and the whole body of justices, with the Chief Justice serving as committee director. The civil and criminal divisions of the Court select which opinions of judgments as may serve as precedents, report them to the Chief Justice, who will then designate a screening team to make a preliminary review of the opinions.After the screening team has handed in its review report, the Chief Justice convenes the Civil Divisions Conference or the Criminal Divisions Conference to decide whether the selected opinions should become precedents. The Committee follows similar proceedings to consider whether the existing precedents should be changed or repealed.
Pursuant to Article 8, Paragraph 1 of the Civil Service Employee Promotion Law, the “Screening Committee” should employ an open, fair, and equitable procedure for the evaluation of Supreme Court employees’ promotion matters.
The Committee for the Evaluation of Employees’ Performances
The Committee for the Evaluation of Employees’ Performances was established in accordance with Article 15 of the Civil Servants Performance Evaluation Laws to review the year-round performance, project performance and routine performance of employees of this Court.