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Supreme Court




After receiving the file of a case, the court verifies and inputs the file, if correct, into the computer.Then the case is forwarded to the Civil Section or the Criminal Section, which will arrange the case according to the years, classes of case, as well as order of receipt, and record it in the Book of Cases.

After it is recorded in the Book of Cases, the case is reviewed initially pursuant to the Supreme Court Rules for Initial Review of Civil and Criminal Cases. After review, if the Court finds the case improper in form or defective, it will send the case back to the original court or order the party to amend the defects. If the Court finds the case to be in proper form, the case is then sent to the Case Allotment Subsection, which will allot the case to a certain justice by computer in accordance with the case allotment proceedings adopted by the Court.

The Court decides only issues of law. An appeal may be made to the Court only on the grounds that the original judgment is in violation of law or order. Therefore, the Court must base its decision on the fact ascertained in the judgment of the court of second instance and in general, the Court only reviews the documents in the file of the case.

But, where the presiding justice deems it necessary, the Court may be scheduled to hear oral arguments in which issues of law are debated.
In order to decide a case, each division of the Court with five justices shall sit in council, presided over by the division chief justice. Before rendering a judgment, the division shall go through deliberation, at which a majority concurrence is required. The deliberation is confidential.

The Clerical Section announces the main text of judgment immediately after deliberation is completed, as well as issues due notification to the litigants. Exemplifications of the judgments are mailed to the litigants immediately upon completion.


  • Release Date:2020-12-17
  • Update:2023-08-30